Test 1. Winter Festivals

1. Match the name of the festival with its description.

A. Boys with candles walk slowly to the front of the church.

B. During this festival, people couldn’t work or fight wars.

C. A girl walks through the family house with candles on her head.

D. It means ‘night of lights’ in English.

1. Diwali

2. Imbolic

3. Saturnalia

E. This festival celebrates light coming back after winter’s darkest days.

4. The Festival of Nine Lessons and Carols.

5. Lucia’s Day.

2. Choose the correct answer to complete the sentences.

1. Lucia was brave because

A) she lit fires.

B) the Christians attacked her.

C) she was a Roman who helped people her country didn’t like.

2. Three things happened during the Imbolic festival. People put candles in their windows,

A) they didn’t work, and they didn’t fight wars.

B) men lit fires, and women wore crowns of candles on their heads.

C) filled their houses with bright flowers, and sang songs in church.

3. Fill in the gaps below. Use the following words: candles, carols, decorate, tradition, celebration.

People in the west balls.

1.

The Christmas tree with coloured

2.

In many festivals, people give each other gifts. It is a very old

3.

4.

5.

During the festival, the boys sing nine.

There are lamps, candles, and bright flowers in every house. It is a wonderful of colour and light.

They tied to the trees.

4. Listen to the text and put the following sentences in correct order.

And they couldn’t work or fight wars.

But is it a sad season?

During Saturnalia week — 17 to 24 December — people gave each other gifts.

For thousands of years, winter festivals have brought light and colour to the darkest time of year.

Not at all.

On festival day, candles were put in the windows of the family home.

A.

B.

C.

D.

E.

F.

J.

K.

L.

M.

N.

G. Outside, the men lit fires.

H. Romans tied them to trees for their Saturnalia festival.

I.

The Celts also used candles for their Imbolic festival, on 2 February.

Imbolic was a celebration of light returning after winter.

The earliest festival lights were candles.

The women were braver.

They wore a crown of candles on their heads.

‘Winter has a cold heart,’ said the writer, Christina Rosetti.

5. Listen to the text again and fill in missing words.

1. Some of today’s festivals________________________

2. The most famous of

Lucia’s Day,

3. Catholics say that__________

4. While she lived, her people

Their___________________

Christians_______________

5. When night came, she ___

6. The Christians followed her crown of lights under the ground.

7. On Lucia’s Day,_____________________________

. Lucia

For

Of the family

, a red sash and a crown of candles.

8. She walks through ___ other people in the family.

9. ______________________

10. They____________________

To

Walk behind her. and

6. Listen to the text again and put the parts of sentence in correct order.

In is also India’s Diwali the a light and celebration of east, festival colour.___________

Diwali of lights’ and Hindu New celebrates means ‘night the Year.

1.

2.

3.

The lasts days for festival five.

4.

Indians bright houses fill their with lamps and candles, flowers.

5.

And next for they in the wish happiness year.

6.

Candles Jewish in the festival important of are also Chanukah.

7.

It 22 begins on for eight December and lasts days.

8. Every menorah (a candle is evening traditional another lit on the candle­stick).

9. People other give each money children small and give gifts.

7. Listen to the text again and complete the sentences.

1. In_______

2. In_______

3. But______

4. Most_____

5. England’s

6. The______

7. Boys_____

8. From_____

9. But______

10. Everyone

Test 2. It’s Carnival Time!

1. Listen to the text and mark the statements as true or false.

1.

2.

3.

4.

TRUE The carnival tradition began when Christianity arrived.__

Christians eat less during carnival time. ____

People try to look different during a carnival. ____

In Rio de Janeiro, men often dress to look like the oppo­site sex.

FALSE

5. The Venice carnival lasts less than a week. It can be difficult to go to some masked dances in Venice because they are not open to everyone.

Floats are an important part of the Venice carnival. ________________

If you go to a masked dance you must wear fancy dress. ___________

There’s more dancing in the streets in Rio de Janeiro and New Orleans than in Venice.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10. Winning a fancy dress competition means that people

Think you are wearing the best costume. ____

11. If Venice becomes very full during the carnival, they stop people entering the city.

12. There are fireworks every day during the Venice fes­tival.

2. Listen to the text and put the sentences in correct order.

A.

A.

Carnival always ended on Shrove Tuesday, the day before Lent began.

For Christians, Carnival was a time when they ate well and had fun before ‘Lent’ — a time when Christians tried to eat less.

A.

A.

A.

A.

A.

A.

The carnival tradition began two thousand years ago, with the Ro­man winter festival of Saturnalia.

During the festival, people from different classes ate together, drank together and sometimes slept together!

Why? Because it’s carnival time!

With the arrival of the Christian religion, the Roman festival be­came a Christian one.

The word ‘carnival’ means ‘goodbye to meat’.

At this time of year, in cities as different as Venice and Rio de Janeiro, men and women are putting on masks and unusual cos­tumes.

3. Listen to the text and match the beginnings with the endings.

1. Carnival mostly takes place in countries like Spain, Italy and South America,

2. The most famous carnivals take place

3. Today, the main idea of carni­val is

4. In Rio de Janeiro and New Orleans,

5. Thousands of people fill the streets,

6. In Rio it’s traditional

7. In both cities, wonderful floats carrying people dressed in colourful costumes

8. Musicians and dancers

9. It’s something that once you see,

10. In Europe, there are

11. People spend months

A. there are exciting street parties with music and dancing.

B. pass slowly through the streets.

C. is probably the most famous European festival.

D. countries with a strong Roman Catholic tradition.

E. probably the most beautiful city square in the whole world.

F. in Venice, Rio de Janeiro, and New Orleans.

G. you don’t forget!

H. make it an excellent place to have a carnival.

I. to wear costumes that chan­ge how you look and enjoy the fun.

J. making their costumes.

K. for men to dress as women at carnival time.

12. The ten-day Venice carnival

13. The beautiful old houses and the green waters of the city

14. It always begins in the famous Piazza San Marco,

L. fancy dress dances and masked dances.

M. follow them.

N. many in costume.

4. Listen to the text and put the words from the sentences in correct order.

1. Thousands to entrance to carnival the Venice is so full of people and so­metimes that the has to be come the city closed.

2. The are in beautiful full narrow streets of people costumes.

3. In and are the of Venice, many musicians play, squares always the theatres full.

4. All in every you a mask, need to become the carnival in part of these is and Venice find you can shop.

5. You the if you masks already mask can buy painted many people want, buy a simple but white and themselves paint it.

5. Listen to the text again and complete the sentences.

1.

2.

Once___________________________________________

Or,_____________________________________________

3.

4.

5.

6.

In

In __

Then

7.

8.

Above

At

9._____

10. Then

Test 3. World Music

1. Listen to the text and write down the year when these albums were

Released. Then put them in the order they were made.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

The Buena Vista Social Club

Rhythm of the Saints

Graceland

Talking Timbuktu

A Meeting by the River

2. Listen to the text and mark the statements as true or false.

1. Paul Simon and Peter Gabriel made albums in the same year.

2. Ry Cooder has made records with musicians from India, South Africa and Cuba.

3. Ry Cooder was more famous than Paul Simon in the 1960s.

4. Youssou N’Dour travelled around the world with Peter Gabriel.

5. Peter Gabriel played with the Rolling Stones.

6. Some people think that Paul Simon is selfish.

7. Ali Farka Toure is an international star from Pakistan.

8. Peter Gabriel made records with Brazilian musicians.

9. Ry Cooder has won two Grammy awards.

TRUE

FALSE

3. Listen to the text and put the sentences in correct order.

A.

B.

C.

D.

E.

F.

Then suddenly, in the 1980s, everybody was listening.

On 19 November 2000, thousands of people in New York went to the Great African Ball.

Because some famous rock stars from the 1970s — Peter Gabriel, Ry Cooder and Paul Simon — made albums with musicians from African and Asian countries.

The star was Youssou N’Dour, a singer from Senegal.

Twenty years ago, African and Asian music was not heard much in Europe or America.

Why was World Music suddenly so popular?

4. Listen to the text and match the beginnings with the endings.

1. When English singer Peter Ga­briel left the rock group Gen­esis in 1975,

2. He organized the first

A.

B.

Every year all over the world.

3. There are now WOMAD festi­vals

4. Many musicians and singers who have played at WOMAD festivals —

5. Youssou N’Dour started his

6. Senegalese taxi drivers in Paris

7. Then Peter Gabriel heard Yous — sou N’Dour

C.

D.

E.

F.

G.

8. He also asked him to sing

9. The album was

H.

I.

10. Since then Youssou N’Dour has had his own international hit — 7 seconds —

J.

First group in Senegal in 1979.

Introduced his music to French listeners.

World of Music, Arts and Dance Festival (WOMAD) in 1982.

On his 1986 album, So.

And invited him to sing with him on a world tour.

Which he sang with Neneh Cherry, and sold albums all over the world.

A great success.

People like Youssou N’Dour and Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan from Pakistan — have be­come international stars.

He became interested in World Music.

5. Listen to the text again and fill in missing words.

1.

Ry Cooder____________________________________

Buena Vista Social Club (1997) — recorded with

The

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

() and Ruben Gonzalez ( who were famous in Cuba__

But in the 1960s he___________________________

His first World Music__________________________

He made __________________________________

This_______________________________________

His next album, Talking Timbuktu Ali Farka Toure, won another Grammy.

Simon and Garfunkel_________________________

They, and Paul Simon But in the 1980s

Compay Segundo

_______________ ),

V. M. Bhatt

10. He went_______

11.In____________

12. It became_____

13. ‘Paul Simon___

Country_______

14. But Graceland

15. In 1990 Simon made an

, Graceland, with

______ from another,’ some people said.

, Rhythm of the Saints,

6. Listen to the text again and complete the sentences.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

Millions_________________________________________

There___________________________________________

Everybody_______________________________________

But____________________________________________

You

Test 4. Mobile Phones: Useful or Dangerous?

1. Listen to the text and answer the following questions.

1.

2.

3.

Is the author for or against mobile phones?

What reasons does the author give for people’s love for mobiles?

According to the text, for what reasons do people use mobiles in different countries?

4.

5.

What’s the correlation between mobiles and smoking?

How many mobile phone users were in the world when the article was written?

2. Listen to the text and put the sentences in correct order.

A.

B.

C.

D.

E.

F.

G.

H.

I.

You can even use a mobile phone to listen to music.

Why are mobiles so popular?

In some countries, like Japan, many people use their mobile phones to send e-mail messages and access the Internet.

Because people love to talk to each other.

They use a new kind of mobile phone called i-modes.

Business people use mobiles when they’re travelling.

People think mobile phones are fun and useful.

In countries like Russia and China, people use mobile phones in places where there is no ordinary telephone.

And it is easier with a mobile phone.

3. Listen to the text and match the beginnings with endings.

1.

2.

3.

Mobile phones

Parents buy mobile phones

They can call home

A.

B.

C.

4.

5.

So they

But teenagers mostly use them

D.

E.

6.

It’s cool to be

F.

7.

As eighteen-year-old Londoner Rosie Farrer says, ‘Before, girls of my age

8. Research shows that teenage owners of mobile phones

G.

H.

9. Parents and schools are happy

I.

10. But they are worried

J.

4. Listen to the text and put the words order.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

For their children.

Feel safer.

The owner of a small, expen­sive mobile!

Smoke less!

If they are in trouble and need help.

That teenagers are safer and smoke less.

About the possible problems of mobile phones.

To keep in touch with friends or play simple puter games.

Are very fashionable teenagers.

Smoked cigarettes to

Their com-

With

Look

Good. Now we have mobiles!’

From the sentences in correct

There the world are million users around mobile now 750 phone.

This probably 1.4 grow number years’ time will to billion in five.

Them many dislike people.

They when opposite them the hate it on his businessman train has on the a loud phone conversation.

When or mobile ring or restaurant in phones a cafe.

5. Listen to the text again and complete the sentences.

1. But

2. We

3. It’s

4. Scientists

5. Because

6. But ___

7. We _____

8. So _____

9. Because

10. We _

11. Let’s

Test 5. Modern British Families

1. Listen to the text and mark the statements as true or false.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

The traditional picture of a happy British family hasn’t changed for decades.

The biggest change in British family style was caused by divorce.

Nowadays every second couple divorces.

Less British women prefer to be housewives now.

The breadwinners in Britain are men.

The number of single young mothers has risen dramatically.

These changes have brought about some positive effect.

Modern children are more independent and mature.

TRUE

FALSE

2. Listen to the text again and fill in missing words.

Father leaves______

The two children

1.

2.

In the morning after breakfast.

________________ to school, and mother stays and cleaning until father and

3.

4.

5.

Home in the evening.

This is the traditional __________________

But is it _____________________ ?

The answer is — no! The past 20 years changes in the lives and structures of families and the traditional model is no longer

Family living in Britain.

Enormous

Cases.

6. The biggest change has been caused

7. As many as

Leading ______

Marriages now end in divorce, where many children live with and only see the other or

Holidays.

3. Fill in prepositions and particles, then listen again and check.

There has also been a huge rise __________ the number ________ mothers who

Work.

The large rise divorces has meant many women need

______ support themselves and their children.

Even when there is no divorce, many families need both parents work order survive.

This has caused an increase

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

Work

Childcare facilities, though they find many areas.

Are very expensive and can be difficult

Addition, women are no longer happy stay home

Raising children, and many have careers earning as much as or even more than men, the traditional breadwinners.

There has also been a sharp increase __ mothers, particularly among teenagers.

Many ______ their children grow

And some people feel the lack ___ effect their lives.

The number

Single

___ never knowing their fathers, a male role model has a damaging

4. Fill in the blanks with suitable words from the list below, then listen again and check.

Modern career childminders

However, these changes have not had a totally For women, it is now much easier to have a salary.

Although it is difficult to be a working mother, it has become normal and it’s no longer seen as a bad for the children.

As for children themselves, some argue that modern children grow up to be more independent and

From an early age they have to go to _______________________ or nurseries, and

So they are used to dealing with strangers and mixing with other children.

So while the traditional model of a family may no longer be true in Britain, the modern family continues to raise happy, successful children.

Career

Negative

Thing

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

Than in the past.

Mature

_ effect.

_ and good

Test 6. America’s Favorites: Hot-Dog

1. Listen to the text and answer the following questions.

1. If asked about their favorite food, would all people in America agree on the hot-dog?

A) Yes.

B) No.

2. What are other favorite American dishes?

A) Pizza.

B) Lasagne.

C) Apple pie.

3. What national cuisine does hot-dog come from?

A) Germany.

B) Italy.

4. What is it called in German?

A) . Wiener.

B) Dachshund dog.

5. How many hot-dogs are eaten by Americans during a summer?

A) Seven thousand millions.

B) Seven thousands.

C) Seven millions.

6. What sorts of meat are used to cook hot-dogs?

A) Pork.

B) Beef.

C) Chicken.

7. What are other ingredients?

A) Mustard.

B) Lettuce.

C) Pickle.

8. What are other names for hot-dog?

A) Frankfuter.

B) Butcher.

C) Frank.

9. When did hot-dogs first appear in the streets of America?

A) 1850s.

B) 1860s.

C) 1870s.

2. Listen to the text again and fill in missing words.

1. You may that Americans like hot dogs

And of all foods.

2. Well,

Of public eating places

3. So might the nation’s

And the National

___________________________ Council.

4. But people whose favorites are

Give the meat-lovers a___________________

5. Naming the favorite foods of Americans on whom you ask.

6. But_________________________________

7. The ancestors of most Americans

8. The United States owes many

Ideas for these foods, to the_______________

Would

, or the

9. For example, favorite, the hot dog or

Wiener, had its in Germany.

10. The National Hot Dog and Sausage Council estimates that Americans eat about of these sausages during a

Summer.

3. Fill in suitable words, then listen and check.

Air bun turkenporktastes onion tofu catsup dog beef mustard additions vegetarian tube fire plenty

1. A hot dog is usually made from

2. Or it is made from

3. Another version is made from

, the meat of a pig.

, the meat of a cow.

4. A version of a hot dog has no meat at all.

5. It often contains, made from soy plants.

6. The hot dog is shaped like a.

7. Many people say it looks like a Dachshund.

8. It is served between two shaped pieces of bread called a.

9. Americans often say they especially like hot dogs cooked over a hot

____________ in the open _______________ .

10. People at sports events buy of hot dogs.

11. For many people, it is not just the meat that

So good.

12. These people enjoy colorful and tasty. For example, they include a yellow or yellow-brown thickened liquid called

13. They may also put red ___________

Strong-smelling vegetable called and pieces of a white or red, on their hot dogs.

4. Restore word order in the sentences, then listen and check.

Hot eaters dog often pickle add, a green salty vegetable.

1.

2.

Some place people barbecue sauce top of on all this.

3.

Or a they spice use called horseradish.

4.

It gives dog the a pleasant hot bite.

5.

A hot is dog also known a frankfurter as or frank.

6.

That because is the city Frankfurt-am-Main of, Germany often is said to the be birthplace this of sausage.

5. Listen to the text again and complete the sentences.

But____________________________________________

One___________________________________________

It_____________________________________________ ■

Vienna,_________________________________________

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

The____

A street

And,____

Test 7. Hamburgers

1. Listen to the text and mark the statements as true or false.

1. Like hot dogs, hamburgers are a favorite picnic food.

2. Hamburger are usually served in fast-food restaraunts.

3. Hamburgers go back to ancient Greese.

4. There are several towns in the USA which claim to be the birthplace of hamburgers.

5. Charlie Nagreen tried to sell meatballs at a local fair in 1875.

6. People in Seymour cooked a hamburger that weighed more than 300 kilograms.

7. More than 30.000 people tried that giant hamburger.

8. A hamburger with melted cheese topping is called a chees burger.

TRUE

FALSE

2. Fill in the words, then listen and check.

Historians picnic hamburgers cooked ground pork germany popular priced public ancient

Americans also eat lots of.

This meat comes from beef.

It can be in many ways.

Like hot dogs, hamburgers are a favorite food.

Many eating places in the United States say

Hamburgers are their most foods.

People often eat them in places that serve quickly prepared, moderately food.

Like hot dog experts, hamburger about how their subject got started.

The Egyptians and Romans apparently ate versions of hamburgers.

In more modern days, people in Hamburg, made something like a hamburger from beef.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

Disagree

And

3. Restore word order, then listen and check.

The town small Seymour of, Wisconsin, is several among American that claim towns to have created first the modern United hamburger the in States.

1.

2.

Seymour In, a named man Charlie tried Nagreen to sell at a meatballs local in eighteen eighty-five fair.

3.

But people as around walked, was it hard them for to the handle round of pieces meat.

4.

Nagreen So the ball flattened of meat.

5.

Then placed he this patty meat between pieces of two bread.

4. Listen and fill in missing words.

In, people in Seymour

A hamburger that weighed more than.

This reportedly fed.

Like, Americans like their hamburgers with

Things like

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

A hamburger

, horseradish, mayonnaise, , lettuce, onion and perhaps.

Melted on it is called a

5. Listen and write down the sentences you hear.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

Cooks_____________________________________

Many_____________________________________

Without___________________________________

For_______________________________________

They______________________________________

French ____________________________________

Potato____________________________________

They______________________________________

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