I 1 In New York for six weeks already. I 2 Hard since I
In the shop window on Sixth Avenue, I felt my shoulder bag move. I looked down and realized my wallet 5. If I 6 More careful at
That moment, it 7.
Next week I 8 Forward to 10
Into a new flat. It 9 You as soon as possible. at the moment. Look
B) have been b) is working
A) have been
A) have arrived b) had arrived
B) have been looking
B) has stolen
A) is stolen
A) had been
A) wouldn’t have b) wouldn’t happened
A) will move
B) am moving
C) was looking
D) am being d) work
A) is being decorated a) see
B) is decorated
C) had been stolen d) had stolen c) was d) were
C) didn’t happen d) hadn’t happened d) will have moved d) decorates
C) has been decorated c) be seeing
For their honeymoon they went on a 11. It was a very modern 12 And there was even a swimming pool on one of the 13.
They had an enormous 14 With a bathroom. Julia was a bit 15
About travelling by ship. She wanted to check that there were enough
Hardly believe that this was the same man she had 18___________________ in love
With a year before. She even began to 19____________ having married him. And
When James started to 20 __________ with a young woman on board she decide to split up with him and start her life all over again.
B) life jackets
C) fed up
C) fallen c) relieve c) float
D) respect d) flight
Another major reason for banning cigarette advertising is the fact that it targets young people.
This image is appealing to teenagers: they get attracted to this glamorous presentation of smoking.
I strongly believe that cigarette companies are only interested in making money, as their advertising campaigns are unethical and aimed at teenagers.
First of all, it should be stopped because an unhealthy product is being promoted.
However, tobacco companies deny that they target young people in their adverts, stating that all the models whose photos they use are adults.
What is more, smoking can have harmful effects on non-smokers: they have to breathe in second-hand smoke.
Cigarette advertising is a popular topic for discussion, as an increasing number of people believe that it’s immoral and should be banned.
Cigarette adverts show young, beautiful, successful people smoking and having fun.
According to many medical reports, tobacco is a major cause of lung cancer and is sometimes responsible for heart disease.
I support this view for a variety of reasons.
4. Finding mistakes. Each sentence below has four bolded words or phrases (they are marked A, B, C, and D). Find the one bolded word or phrase that must be changed in order for the sentence to be correct.
The Alaska pipeline starts at the frozen edge of the Arctic Ocean. It stretches southward across the largest and northernmost state 5 in the United States, ending at a remote ice-free seaport village nearly 800 miles from where it begins.
It is massive in size and extremely 10 complicated to operate. The steel pipe crosses windswept plains and endless miles of delicate tundra that tops the frozen ground. It weaves through crooked canyons, 15 climbs sheer mountains, plunges over rocky crags, makes its way through thick forests, and passes over or under hundreds of rivers and streams. The pipe is 4 feet 20 in diameter, and up to 2 million barrels (or 84 million gallons) of crude oil can be pumped through it daily.
Resting on H-shaped steel racks ‘bents’,
Of the pipeline follow a zigzag course high above the frozen earth. Other long sections drop out of sight beneath spongy or rocky ground and return to the surface later on. The pattern of the pipeline’s up-and-down route is determined by the often harsh demands of the arctic and subarctic climate, the tortuous lay ofthe land, and the varied compositions of soil, rock, or permafrost (permanently frozen ground). A little more than half of the pipeline is elevated above the ground. The remainder is buried anywhere from 3 to 12 feet, depending largely upon the type of terrain and the properties of the soil.
One of the largest in the world, the pipeline cost approximately $8 billion and is by far the biggest and most expensive construction project ever undertaken by private industry. In fact, no single business could raise that
Much money, so 8 major oil companies formed a consortium in order to share the costs. Each 55 company controlled oil rights to particular shares of land in the oil fields and paid into the pipelineconstruction fund according to the size of its holdings. Today, despite enormous problems of climate, supply shortages, equipment breakdowns, labour disagreements, treacherous terrain, a certain amount of mismanagement, and even theft, the Alaska pipeline has been completed and is operating.
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