Language and Exam Skills Development
Section 1 Listening: Second task
A Listen to these extracts from the second task on page 38 and circle the phrase you hear.
Possible explanations for the end of the Classic Maya civilisation:
1 Foreigners cities.
The of a great city.
Section 2 Reading: Second task
D Quickly read the task on page 43 and decide if these statements are True (T) or False (F).
В Read the text on page 41 and hnd words or phrases in the text which have a similar meaning to these words or phrases.
1 Unbelievable ______________
6 In fact
E For each gap, decide what kind of word (noun, adjective, adverb) fills each gap.
) you know any nous places things in Paris?
N you speak inch at all?
Khat souvenir Buld you like ВИП Paris?
Four trip to Paris Hears ! sounds Fantastic.
I don’t know Much! many About the city CaU.
Ithink There’s a museum called The Louvre, Te’t there! it?
№ glad you can speak French because
Fe don’t Learning / learn French at school.
В Love a T-shirt if you can find a nice F-shirt! one.
Section 5 Speaking: Second task
1 I was.
2 Do you it?
Can love think wondering would
To the theatre?
If you still had that
I could borrow
if you could help me. I get you a coffee? you like to come
I’m busy tomorrow
РАздел 1 (задания по аудированию)
I ( услышите четыре коротких диалога, обозначенных А, B, CuD. Определите, I где происходит каждый из этих диалогов. Используйте каждое место действия Из Списка 1-5 только один раз. В задании есть Одно лишнее место действия. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.
Вы услышите пять высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего А-Е и утверждениями, данными в списке 1-6. Используйте каждое утверждение из списка 1-6 Только один раз. В задании есть Одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.
Bbl услышите разговор двух друзей. В заданиях А1-А6 обведите цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.
1) in a cat costume.
1) on the bus.
2) in Bens dad’s car.
3) in her mum’s car.
1) a little late.
2) on time.
3) before everyone else.
1) some sandwiches.
2) a cake.
3) some sausage rolls.
!!i ■ I
РАздел 2 (задания по чтению)
Прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между текстами A-G И заголовками 1-8. Запишите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру Только один раз. В задании есть Один лишний заголовок.
A. Dmitri Mendeleev was a Russian chemist and inventor who developed the Periodic Law and a periodic table of chemical elements. This allowed him to predict the properties of elements that had not yet been discovered at the time. He is internationally recognised as one of the greats of the world of science and scientific research.
B. Dmitri Mendeleev was born in 1834 in the village of Verkhnie Aremzyani near the Siberian city of Tobolsk. He was the youngest child in a very large family. Although the exact number is not known, he had between eleven and sixteen brothers and sisters. In his early years, the family was quite well-off, as Mendeleev’s father was a teacher of fine arts, philosophy and politics.
C. The Mendeleev family fortunes changed when Dmitri’s father became blind and had to give up teaching, j His wife was now forced to work to support the family, and she re-opened an old glass factory which j belonged to her family. But later, the factory was destroyed in a fire and, because of poverty, the family ‘ had to move to Saint Petersburg.
D. Dmitri Mendeleev began his scientific career teaching chemistry, and by 1864 he had been made a professor at Saint Petersburg State University. He soon began to be noticed by chemists around the world, and it wasn’t long before he had turned Saint Petersburg into an international centre of excellence in the field of chemistry research.
E. Mendeleev was not the first to work on a periodic table of elements. Another scientist, Lothar Meyer from Germany, published an almost identical table a few months after Mendeleev. However, only Mendeleev’s table contained predictions of undiscovered elements. Many scientists didn’t believe his predictions, but two of the missing elements were later discovered, establishing without doubt the i accuracy of his table.
F. Apart from his work in the field of chemistry research, Mendeleev was a founder member of the Russian Chemical Society. He also helped establish the first oil refinery in Russia and was, at one time, director of the Russian Bureau of Weights and Measures. Finally, Mendeleev is also credited with having introduced the metric system into Russia.
G. Mendeleev died at the age of 72 in 1907. His life is commemorated with a museum in his honour at Saint Petersburg State University. A street in Saint Petersburg is named after him, as well as a crater on the far side of the moon. The Russian Academy of Sciences annually awards the Mendeleev Gold Medal for achievements in chemical science and technology.
Прочитайте текст. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений А7-А14 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 — True), какие не соответствуют (2 — False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 — Not stated).
The Maya are a group of people living in Central America and southern Mexico, whose history dates back an incredible 4,000 years. The height of their civilisation is sometimes known as the ‘Classic period’. This lasted from about 300 to 900AD, and then suddenly ended. Archaeologists today still ask, ‘Why did this happen?’
There are many possible explanations for the end of the Classic Maya civilisation, but no-one knows for sure exactly what happened. One possibility is that some groups of foreigners invaded and destroyed some of the most important Maya cities. However, most archaeologists and historians who have studied this subject think this explanation is unlikely.
Another possibility involves the expansion of the civilisation during the 700s. Some buildings from that period remain unfinished. Why? The suggestion is that poor Maya citizens were forced to carry out the hard building work. Because they were badly treated, they fought back. This would explain why the buildings were never completed. However, scientific research has shown that the buildings weren’t actually very difficult to build. What’s more, other civilisations that experienced problems like these did not just disappear.
A third possibility involves the collapse of trade. Some archaeologists believe that the Maya were closely connected to the city of Teotihuacan by trade. This great city ruled central Mexico, and its collapse in 750AD changed trade routes. However, it has been discovered that the Maya’s connection with this city was strong around 500AD. This means that by the time Teotihuacan fell, the Maya were already independent of the city’s influence.
One of the most likely explanations is a change in the weather, with not enough rain leading to an extremely bad drought. Scientists have been able to work out rainfall amounts at the time from soil samples. It appears that the area suffered from a ‘mega-drought’ and the severe lack of water was enough to starve the Maya of food. Critics of this idea say that only the northern regions have been studied and the Maya civilisation was stronger in the south. Also, certain Maya cities in the north survived until 900AD or even later, but this is possibly because they were located closer to the sea and could survive on fish.
Whatever its cause, the end of the Maya Classic period did not bring a complete end to its people. Today, there are still millions of them living in the area, speaking one or more of the 21 Mayan languages still in existence.
The ‘Classic period’ lasted for more than 4,000 years.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
Archaeologists often have meetings with historians to discuss the Maya civilisation.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
Not all of the buildings the Maya started building in the 700s were finished.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
Maya buildings were usually very expensive to build.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
Around 500AD, the city of Teotihuacan ruled over the Maya civilisation.
Scientists have no idea how much rain fell during the Classic period. 1) True 2) False
Some Maya cities continued after the end of the Classic period. 1) True 2) False
[Maya people today all speak the same language.
Раздел 3 (задания по грамматике и лексике)
! Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные Л заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами В4-В12 так, Я : чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните Я ’ пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному 1 * заданию В4-В12.
Do you remember the 2012 Olympics? The opening ceremony by award-winning film-maker Danny Boyle.
Not many people expected the ceremony to be very good, despite excellent reputation as a director.
But, in the end, it was very successful. Almost everyone who it said it was fantastic.
And lasted for four hours.
By more than 900 million people
Many of the various sections of the show contained lots of and young people.
I The aim of the ceremony was to give the world a taste i of the of British culture.
I The sections featured everything from the Industrial Revolution : to Britain’s literary heritage. These showed what the nation had i achieved so far in history
One part of the ceremony appeared to show the Queen parachuting into the stadium. This has helped make her than ever.
Of course, she didn’t really jump from a helicopter.
’ Everyone it was a joke.
Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами В13-В18 так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. ! Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует
I отдельному заданию В13-В18.
I grew up in the UK in the 1980s. During my there wasn’t always a lot to do in the summer holidays.
On the rare occasions when it was a warm day, we’d go for a picnic on Blackpool beach.
As far as my family were concerned, there was nothing more than eating sandwiches on the beach.
We hardly ever went swimming, though, as the water was often cold. So we would just play
On the wet sand.
But even if we were with the weather
And it started raining, we could always go for some fish and chips.
Nothing gave us more pleasure after a at the seaside.
Раздел 4 (задание по письму)
Для ответа на задание Cl используйте отдельный лист.
При выполнении задания С1 особое внимание обратите на то, что Ваши ответу будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным на отдельном чистом листе. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимай также на необходимость соблюдения указанного объёма письма.
Письма недостаточного объёма, а также часть текста письма, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются.
You have 30 minutes to do this task.
You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend Lucy.
To ‘Paris next month, /’m really looking
Пу trip го ТС1Г Eiffel Tower!
: or things in Paris I should see?…
I can ^speak a hit of French. Can you?…
What present would you like me to get you
I’m so excited about my trip ■forward to seeing the I— ■ —
.„ T>o you know any — famous places
As a souvenir?
Write her a letter and answer her 3 questions.
Write 100-120 Words. Remember the rules of letter writing.
Раздел 5 (задания по говорению)
Give a talk about newspapers and magazines.
Remember to say:
You have to talk for 1.5-2 minutes. The examiner will listen until you have finished. Then she/he will ask you some questions.
You play the part of a student at an international college. You meet your classmate George/Georgia in the college canteen. You need to borrow his/her DVD about water pollution for a Geography project on the environment.
You begin The conversation. The examiner will play the part of George/Georgia.
БЕЛАЯ ДИЕТА, ИЛИ ЧТО НУЖНО ЕСТЬ ПОСЛЕ ОТБЕЛИВАНИЯ ЗУБОВ? Благодаря возможностям современной эстетической стоматологии мечта…
ЧТО ТАКОЕ ЯЗВЫ ВО РТУ? СИМПТОМЫ, ПРИЧИНЫ И ЛЕЧЕНИЕ. Незначительные ранки во рту - это неприятный…
ПОЧЕМУ БЫ ВАМ НЕ ОТБЕЛИТЬ ЗУБЫ ПИЩЕВОЙ СОДОЙ? ФАКТЫ И МИФЫ О ДОМАШНЕМ ОТБЕЛИВАНИИ ЗУБОВ! Сон…