Look at the second task on page 178, Match each question 1-6 with a statement.
A ‘It used to be called something else around 40 years ago.’
B ‘Some of the best known names in the arts were born here.’
C ‘There are many reasons for its present difficulties.’
D ‘The influence of the distant past can still be seen.’
E ‘It’s a common error to name another city as the capital.’
F ‘The look and the feel of the place is special.’
Maybe because it was 1 From scratch — there was 2 Town or city here before they built it — the 3 Of history
Certainly 4_________________ The way
A 6________________ , almost empty
C Find words in the text which mean something similar to these words or phrases.
5 moves out
Section 3 Grammar and vocabi Second task
Courtroom judge jury
Hear the 2
Of the 3
And the 41
To two years i
Section 5 Speaking: First task
B13 To make the adjective, do we need to keep the final E of nerve?
B14 This adjective needs to end with the letter I. How many Zs?
H Complete the sentences with your own ideas and then compare your answers with a partner.
1 Going shopping is
B15 Do the two letters we need to add start or end the word?
2 Shopping online is
B16 Do we need a noun for a person here?
B17 Do we need an adjective here?
3 Working in a shop is
B18 Most jobs end with just -er or -or.
Which extra letter do we need here?
Section 4 Writing
J 3 What do you do with old toys, clothes and shoes you no longer need? Why?
I What do they sell?
E Rearrange the words to make a sentence.
I There is more than one correct answer.
Away things broken no-one that Only wants or are throw that
I « I в I i I s j i I I i J I I! I I I
Раздел 1 (задания по аудированию)
Вы услышите четыре коротких диалога, обозначенных А, В, Си D. Определите где происходит каждый из этих диалогов. Используйте каждое место действие из списка 1-5 только один раз. В задании есть Одно лишнее место действия. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.
Вы услышите пять высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говоряш, его А-Е и утверждениями, данными в списке. Используйте каждое утверждение из списка 1-6 Только один раз. В задании eq Одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои отв^ в таблицу. ;
The speaker explains why this city is not easy to live in.
The speaker describes the art and style of this city.
The speaker talks about famous people from this city.
The speaker talks about different names for the same city.
The speaker describes how ancient history affects life today.
The speaker explains a mistake people make about a city.
Вы услышите разговор двух друзей. В заданиях А1-А6 обведите цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.
Because of the storm, Rebecca
Rebecca says her home
Tyler’s mum saw a tornado
Rebecca says tornados are
Tyler says global warming often causes changes in
Rebecca thinks people at school should
Прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между текстами A-G И заголовками 1-8. Запишите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру Только один раз. В задании есть Один лишний заголовок.
1. Howto do it
1. What it is
8. A tree as a home
А. Tree shaping is а hobby in which a gardener shapes a tree as it grows. It’s often seen in small trees that. Jhave. bee. n.tMdste^.igcelbe.» i’Ifcyv’r"»Jatf’bG«lAA”gara\Jn’xcnTfcs"ariri»imTscrics anu ’niaKt iiiieresiirtg house plants. A gardener might want to make a simple design with a tree or plant in their garden, such as a circle or an arch. More complicated structures could be fences, tunnels, or ladders.
B. It’s best to start tree shaping when the plant is really young. One way to shape a young tree is to move its trunk into a particular place and fasten it there until it can one day hold the shape on its own. Another wav is to create a desjpn nut jif. wio’jmdpjlantv. s.’t’id.’mfttvi.’i^ grow, they can be tied to the wire shape.
C. Some of the largest forms of tree shaping involve the work of a tribe of people in India. These people, the War-Kashi people, began tree shaping hundreds of years ago. Their work involves shaping the roots of trees. The trees are situated above shallow pools of water. The idea was to create a structure for getting across the water more easily The structures still exLSt. tnd^v-.and Jiecau-seihe^vxnntiniVvtoguKW/ they get stronger with age.
D. Axel Erlandson shaped over 70 trees in his life. A farmer living in California, he started training trees in 1925 as a hobby and continued to do so for the rest of his life. He kept his methods a secret and when he was asked about how he did it, he would simply say, “I talk to them.” Today, people travel from all over the country to see them.
E. Tree shapers have created some amazing things from their trees. One man created a series of trees that look like people. The trunks form their bodies and heads and their arms are branches sticking straight up, with leaves growing some metres above them. Other tree shapers have created playground equipment for children to play on, signs within the trunks of trees, and large frames for mirrors and pictures.
LE ЛНгLtee5>"oiMee’sihqjeKz<xei’£riknason are currently On display at Gilroy Gardens in Gilroy, California. The gardens are Like a theme park featuring plants, With rides, attractions and several parks. The owners of the garden Wanted to buy Erlandson s beautifully-Shaped trees to give them a lasting place to live and flourish after he Died. WTiile all of Erlandson’s Trees were taken from his farm and planted in Gilroy Gardens, only 24 of them Survived the Move.
Ttfiirndie. Gile ute snAper, c^flhsrtfpnAr uStrie’, startea ’ I Shaping his trees into Chairs and then Cutting the tree down when the chair was the right shape and 1
Size. He even said it was an Easier way to Make furniture because it took less energy to make it. He has more than one field of trees Being grown Into furniture shapes, and he hopes that furniture orchards I Will one day replace furniture factories.
Прочитайте текст. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений А7-А14 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 — True), какие не соответствуют (2 — False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 — Not stated).
The UK is in the far north of the Northern Hemisphere, on the same line as Canada and Russia. Because of this, you’d think it would be extremely cold in the winter. While it does have cold winters, tliey are nothing like the extreme Canadian or Russian winters. Why is this?
The UK is in a fortunate position. It is situated at the north-east end of the Atlantic Ocean. This ocean has a warm body of water flowing through it called the North Atlantic Current. This current is fed by the warm waters of the Gulf of Mexico. The air above this current is warm as well, which means that warm, tropical air is being pushed up to the UK by this stream.
By the time the air reaches the UK, it has cooled down quite a lot. However, it is still much warmer than air that comes down from the Arctic and spreads over Canada and Russia. It is this Arctic air that makes those two places very cold in the winter, with temperatures well below freezing for weeks. It brings several metres of snow as well. With the North Atlantic Current preventing the Arctic air from hitting the UK, the country escapes these terrible winters.
The North Atlantic Current has such a powerful effect on the UK’s climate that without it, temperatures in winter would be 10 degrees Celsius cooler. In parts of the UK closest to where the current meets land, palm trees can actually grow. At the same position in Canada, polar bears live in their natural habitat.
These warm ocean currents also bring a fair amount of rain. As the moist air from the tropics meets cooler air over the UK, rainfall occurs. This leads to other weather phenomena as well, such as thick fog and grey, cloudy skies that last for days.
The further away you get from the parts of the country that directly face the North Atlantic Current, the less the effects are seen. South-west England, Wales, Ireland and Scotland receive heavy amounts of rain, but London, in the country’s east, receives only 650 ml a year. That’s less than Rome or New York City. Compare that to the west, which can receive up to 4,500 ml of rain per year, and you can see the dramatic effect the current has on weather. As the western UK is quite mountainous, these high lands tend to block the rain from reaching the east.
In terms of hot weather, the UK does not have many heatwaves. Its position in the north means high temperatures don’t happen often. Its average highs are in the low 20s in the summer, but the highest temperature ever recorded was 38.5 degrees Celsius, in Faversham, Kent, in the south-east of England.
Раздел 3 (задания по грамматике и лексике)
Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами В4-В12 так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию В4-В12.
The River Volga is Russia’s main river. It’s also the river in both Russia and Europe.
It is situated in the western part of Russia and through the country from north to south, emptying into the Caspian Sea.
Over the centuries, the river role in the history of Russia and Europe.
А very important
It once served as a trade route that southern Russia and Scandinavia.
I В8 I
The river was widened in the 20th century so that ships could travel through waters more easily.
Currently, ships from other countries
To travel through the river. This means only Russian ships can do so.
Several artists scenes of the river over
The years, many of which hang in museums and galleries.
Many Russian writers have fallen in love with the River Volga.
Stories often describe the river as a place of fascination, legends and tradition.
US musician Glenn Miller a folk song
About the Volga. He loved it so much, he decided to do his own jazz version, which was a hit in America.
Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами В13-В18 так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию В13-В18.
Being in a courtroom was a new experience for Alan. He felt more than he had ever felt before.
He looked at the judge. She looked very serious and.
Then he looked at the 12 members of the jury. They were sitting there with serious expressions on their faces, too.
Then he looked in the_____
His mum smiled at him.
‘It’s the proudest day of my life.’
Of his family.
Thought Alans mum.
‘This is fantastic,’ thought Alan. ‘I think I’m going to enjoy working as a.’
Раздел 4 (задание по письму)
Для ответа на задание Cl используйте отдельный лист. |
При выполнении задания С1 особое внимание обратите на то, что Ваши отвег будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным на отдельном чистом листе.’ Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. Обратите вт также на необходимость соблюдения указанного объёма письма.
Письма недостаточного объёма, а также часть текста письма, превышающая^ требуемый объём, не оцениваются. 1
You have 30 minutes to do this task.
You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend Lydia.
. The cupboard in ту bedroom is full of things I dont uranf any //ke old clothes and shoes and even some toys and games.
The cupboard in my
Toys and games.
But I don’t know where to start.
How should I start tidying my cupboard? … Which things should 1 throw away and which things should I give to other people. … How can I — find people who will want them. _.
О I Ur I rrwyii»^ 7 ”^1 I о
And XA^hich things should I give to other people’’ …
Write her a letter and answer her 3 questions.
Write 100-120 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.
Раздел 5 (задания по говорению)
Give a talk about shopping.
You have to talk for 1.5-2 minutes. The examiner will listen until you have finished. Then she/he will ask you some questions.
You play the part of a student at an international English language school. You go to your classmate Fred/Freda to ask to borrow a tent. You need it this weekend because you’re going camping.
You begin The conversation. The examiner will play the part of Fred/Freda.
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ПОЧЕМУ БЫ ВАМ НЕ ОТБЕЛИТЬ ЗУБЫ ПИЩЕВОЙ СОДОЙ? ФАКТЫ И МИФЫ О ДОМАШНЕМ ОТБЕЛИВАНИИ ЗУБОВ! Сон…